Since the early days of satellite-based navigation system, scientists are eager to get a system that can predict, analyze and report for any forest fire hazards. Imagine a satellite system that tells you in advance if a fire hazard can happen and with what intensity and where it will spread.
With the current state of satellites, we are still able to use the satellites to map and understand forrest in a manner where we can plan on how to fight a fire in the best way possible. This is done by looking for the kind of forestation, the density of forestation, contour of the area, water bodies in the area etc.
With NASA’s recent disclosure, it is believed that NASA is developing an AI based system, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) that can use artificial intelligence to help predict future wildfires. It takes the data of previously mapped wildfires to judge and predict of a place that can get into a wildfire. This system will help take the necessary steps in advance and also get people aware beforehand about the future incident.
With such a powerful system at hand, the only other necessary system that is required is a satellite like a system that can monitor the affected area and provide real-time data at a certain speed that will enable the computation from MODIS effective. One such solution is to have a CubeSats, miniature satellites that can roam over an affected or to be affected the area and provide data to the MODIS to compute.
Real time and near-real time fire mapping:
A miniature satellite can be mounted with thermal sensors that can map the area for the intensity of the fire. Along with thermal sensors, infrared cameras mounted on an unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV) can provide live feed of a forest fire and hence can help firefighters calculate the direction of fire.
The recent approaches to real time simulation with satellite monitoring has been focused on greater coverage and temporal resolution such as to have a window of 10 minutes before different image sessions with a resolution near 500m approx.
With mapping data available for a place and with live simulation from a miniature satellite can combine to become the best defence against forest fires.
Polosoft technology is great at providing GIS mapping services that are essentially helpful for situations like forest management and forest fires.